The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents


Economic inequality in Russia – skewed income and wealth distribution – increased sharply in the transition from a state socialist system to a capitalist market economy. In the 2000s, despite significant economic growth and decreases in levels of poverty, income inequality has remained persistently high and has even increased. Social and spatial inequalities further exacerbate income inequality. As a result, inequality in access to healthcare, education, housing, jobs, and the law has also increased.

The Russian government started to make attempts to address high inequality in the mid-2000s, focussing on regional economic development and redistributive transfers to low-income and vulnerable regions and people. However, as this discussion paper argues, the fight against inequality in contemporary Russia is unlikely to succeed without addressing labour market challenges; realizing the redistributive potential of the tax system and public services; improving anti-discrimination legislation; and addressing the problems of corruption and an inequitable law enforcement system.

Additional details





How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.