This contribution examines relationships between international NGOs and state education institutions in their efforts to achieve Education for All. It does this through an investigation of Oxfam GB’s multi-level and multi-strategy approach to education in Tanzania. Looking at three components of this programme, it explores what a ‘one-programme approach’ means for Oxfam GB’s education work and investigates its partnerships and advocacy relationships at the local and national levels with different state education institutions and agents. The boundaries of partnership and collaboration are discussed and it concludes that advocacy practices need to be viewed as multiple, part of a process, and emergent.
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