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Since 1999, UN peacekeeping missions have been explicitly mandated to protect civilians under threat in the countries where they are deployed. However, there remains a significant degree of confusion amongst soldiers and civilians deployed in peacekeeping missions about what exactly their civilian protection mandate entails. Oxfam expects military and civilian staff deployed as part of a peacekeeping mission with a protection mandate to respond as a matter of priority and urgency to any threat of violence, coercion or deliberate deprivation to the civilian population.

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