The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.


The people of the Southern Caucasus are coming to a crossroads and a moment for choices. Thirteen years after gaining independence from the Soviet Union, nearly half of the population of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia (collectively referred to as ‘the Southern caucasus’ in this note) are still living below respective national poverty lines. The provision of basic services has virtually ground to a halt in some regions, unemployment is high, and for many it is hard to find even a day’s work.

Additional details




How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.