How could the Philippines, a country rich in natural and human resources, find itself by 1990 in the position of the sixth most indebted nation in the world? Rosalinda Pineda-Ofreneo traces the origins of the nation’s debt crisis, and – with evidence from projects supported by Oxfam – she illustrates the social and environmental impact of the government’s structural adjustment programme, showing how health and education services have deteriorated, forests have been denuded, and seas over-fished. But her interviews with members of women’s groups, farmers, fisher folk, and tribal people show how some grassroots groups are finding new ways of making a living, and of making their voices heard in the political arena.
How to cite this resource
Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context. You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:
Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL
Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.