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This paper was commissioned from Mark Bradbury by Oxfam (UK and Ireland), with the main aim of identifying practical ways in which the international group of Oxfam’s might contribute to the peace-making process in Somalia and Somaliland. When the paper was subsequently edited for publication, the recommendations which were originally specific to Oxfam, were generalised to make them relevant to all nongovernmental organisations concerned with the situation in Somalia and Somaliland. Some of the information presented in Part II and Part V is reproduced from a study written by Mark Bradbury in April 1993 for Responding to Conflict and the British NGO ActionAid. This study will be published in 1994 by Responding to Conflict, Woodbrooke College, Selly Oak, Birmingham, under the title Development in Conflict: Experiences of ActionAid in Somalia.

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