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Oxfam believes that resilient development is only possible when gender-based inequalities are transformed and women, men and gender non-conforming people can fully enjoy their rights. However, our evaluations have shown that resilience programmes tend to focus on strengthening absorptive and adaptive capacities without adequately addressing broader structural inequalities and power imbalances. This guide is designed to build on current efforts to achieve more robust and sustainable gender transformation within resilience programmes.

The guide begins with an overview of what it means to take a feminist approach, and why this is essential to resilience building. It then describes the Transformative Leadership for Women's Rights (TLWR) framework. This is followed by sections on how you can use the TLWR framework to develop your gender power analysis as part of the context analysis and Theory of Change; broaden your strategic alliances; use the six 'social change processes' to achieve gender-transformative outcomes; and make sure your MEAL is gender-transformative. Each section includes practical suggestions, examples and further resources. 

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