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This case study reflects on progress of Oxfam’s Within and Without the State (WWS) programme in the Équateur Province of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) following a visit by the WWS Programme Coordinator in March 2016. Despite the project being relatively new in DRC, signs of change are already being seen. This case study outlines six key contributing factors to constructive engagement between civil society and the state, using examples and testimonies from community members involved in the project. It keeps two questions in mind: What does this change look like? And how is this change happening?

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