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Many practitioners and thinkers have tried to make women ‘matter’ in development. However, women-focused approaches have often sought to address women’s needs outside the wider social contexts in which they live. As a result, they have been perhaps more damaging than earlier ‘gender-blind’ efforts which simply ignored women’s specific concerns. Dorienne Rowan-Campbell introduces papers on issues such as ‘mainstreaming’ versus specialisation, methodologies for incorporating gender analysis into planning and evaluation, the limitations of gender training, the unintended impacts of women-focused credit programmes, and how institutional policies to promote gender equity are often tacitly undermined by patriarchal interests. Papers are drawn from South Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa.

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