The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents

No available documents

Oxfam Policy & Practice provides free access to Gender & Development and Development in Practice journal articles.

Download from publisher


This article draws on recent research by Gender Action, presented in a ground-breaking report investigating multilateral development banks’ (MDBs) spending on reproductive health and HIV and AIDS. Gender Action demonstrates a decline in World Bank loans and grants for reproductive health and HIV and AIDS, and little contribution to this sector from the African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, or Inter-American Development Bank. Mapping also charts unmet MDB commitments to reproductive health and HIV and AIDS, and harmful loan conditions such as restricting public spending, which undermine poor countries’ ability to address these key public-health issues.

This article is hosted by our co-publisher Taylor & Francis. For the full table of contents for this and previous issues of this journal, please visit the Gender and Development website.

Additional details





How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources