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As large sources of emissions, wealthy countries, fossil fuel companies and rich individuals, are disproportionately responsible for the climate crisis in which we find ourselves. Yet, for decades, they have been let off with not paying to deal with its consequences.

As a result, the world is far behind on the spending needed to ensure a fast and just transition and to deal with increasing climate impacts. Climate action must be fair, meaning that those with the responsibility for the harm and capacity to pay should be footing this growing bill. But it is often those with least responsibility and capacity to pay who are bearing the brunt of the costs.

Here, we outline four ways to raise new finance across the UK through fair ways to make polluters pay.

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