The history of mining in Peru’s Espinar Province has involved decades of extraction by various companies with different legal frameworks, property regulations, environmental standards, and social responsibility. Mining in Espinar Province is the first successful experience in Peru involving the construction of a space for dialogue and direct negotiation between communities in a mine’s area of influence and the mining company, together with the participation of national and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) as guarantors of the process. It is also the first case in Peru of a model through which the company contributes to local populations, providing them with a percentage of profits beyond its tax commitments with the state. On the other hand, the processes experienced by Espinar’s population exemplify the promises and contradictions that different populations and territories in the country have to live with when it comes to mining activities.
How to cite this resource
Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context. You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:
Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL
Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.