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This paper takes a closer look at the gendered impact of conventional macroeconomic policies supported by the International Monetary Fund in its loan programmes for Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia since 2012. It calls on the IMF to build on its ongoing efforts to operationalize gender equality, and to go beyond policies of encouraging women’s labour force participation, to consider both productive and reproductive spheres and to integrate a gender perspective in the design of its programmes and policies. The paper also addresses the impact of these policies on poverty and inequality.

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