The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents

No available documents

Oxfam Policy & Practice provides free access to Gender & Development and Development in Practice journal articles.

Download from publisher


Within Australia, State employment programmes are an essential means of attempting to redress the substantial social and economic disadvantages experienced by indigenous Australians, particularly at the community level. While such programmes expend large sums of money, the social and economic outcomes for indigenous Australians remain far below that of the non-indigenous. This paper argues that an important constraint to indigenous human development arises as a result of institutional racism within a range of responsible public sector agencies at all three levels of government within the Australian federal system. The results of an evaluation of the Community Development Employment Program (CDEP) within a remote indigenous community are presented. This serves to illustrate how the exclusion of indigenous people from the design and delivery stages of key government programmes has the potential to result in substantial misallocation of funding from purposes meant to assist in the alleviation of indigenous social and economic disadvantage.

This article is hosted by our co-publisher Taylor & Francis.

Additional details





How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources