Total Official Support for Sustainable Development (TOSSD): Game changer or mirage?
Total Official Support for Sustainable Development, or TOSSD, is a new statistical metric that has been in the making for almost 10 years. It is meant to capture a broad range of global flows of public money in support of sustainable development. These include aid, loans on non-concessional terms, and public funds aimed at mobilising private finance for development.
ActionAid, AidWatch Canada and Oxfam are publishing this discussion paper to shed light on how TOSSD works in practice, its ambitions and shortcomings and the range of political perspectives on this new metric.
How to cite this resource
Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context. You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:
Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL
Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.