The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents

No available documents

Oxfam Policy & Practice provides free access to Gender & Development and Development in Practice journal articles.

Download from publisher


Following the 1992 floods in Pakistan, Oxfam Pakistan and the NGO PATTAN held a disaster preparedness workshop. A common theme of their recommendations is attention to women, summarised as follows. NGOs should recruit female staff to work specifically on gender issues, who can then talk to women in an emergency or development context. Distribution of relief aid, including food, is best done through women. The disruption caused by disasters can be used by NGOs to break social and cultural norms that constrain women. In all these recommendations, co-operation by men is crucial, in terms of sharing domestic work, respecting women, and participating in women’s social and economic development.

This article is hosted by our co-publisher Taylor & Francis. For the full table of contents for this and previous issues of this journal, please visit the Gender and Development website.

Additional details






How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources