The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents

No available documents

Oxfam Policy & Practice provides free access to Gender & Development and Development in Practice journal articles.

Download from publisher


The authors describe the phenomena of `perverse inertias’ – effects and tendencies which are the opposite of what was intended – in the context of Southern responses to Northern NGOs. Two specific impacts on recipient populations are discussed. `The project culture’, where `beneficiaries’ feel compelled to invent as many projects as they can, in line with areas of perceived funding possibilities, which may not reflect real or most sorely felt needs. And `living by the wound’, whereby communities recount their sufferings in order to receive assistance. The authors offer a critique of the way `lives and…expectations are taken over by others in the name of international solidarity’.

This article is hosted by our co-publisher Taylor & Francis.

Additional details





How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources