The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents


With the implementation of the Human Rights Act in 2000, the mainly civil and political rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights are, for the first time, directly enforceable in UK law. While welcoming this significant advance, the authors argue that protection should be extended to the full range of economic, social, and cultural (ESC) rights, such as the rights to health care and to a decent standard of living. Poverty and social exclusion are presented as a denial of human rights, and ESC rights as an essential foundation of citizenship.

Additional details




How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources