The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents


This working paper critically analyses the performance of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), a very large rights-based social protection programme developed post-2005 for the entirety of India which promises ‘100 days guaranteed wage’. The analysis is based on primary field studies conducted by agencies across India as well as from secondary data sources. This statistical paper particularly analyses the working of the Act against the percentages of workers’ participation (both males and females), and the differences in patterns across India’s States between 2004 and 2009. Themes reviewed include: gender equality; women’s role in the work force; socio-cultural differences across India’s States; work migration; fair wages; and the quality of the work environment. The paper concludes with ‘Second Generation Issues’ and proposes improvements to deliver a smoother implementation of the programme in the future.


Additional details


How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources