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This paper presents an analytical framework and preliminary findings from the second phase of the Researching Women’s Collective Action project. It documents participatory field research in Ethiopia, Mali, and Tanzania, covering 15 agricultural sub-sectors. Findings are reported on women smallholders’ motivations and capacities to engage in collective action, as well as on gender-based patterns and outcomes of collective action. The main benefits that women derive from various types of collective action are described, highlighting where collective action is addressing key barriers faced by women in engaging in markets and where current strategies are lacking. Emerging themes will be further explored and key hypotheses tested in the final phase of the project.

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