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As part of the DFID-funded Within and Without the State (WWS) programme, Oxfam piloted an innovative approach in Afghanistan’s Kunduz province. The programme aimed to mobilize members of the ulema (body of Islamic scholars) to support women’s representation in community shuras (councils), which are important community-level dispute resolution mechanisms across much of Afghanistan. This case study documents that work, highlights some successes, discusses challenges, and identifies some lessons learned about engaging with the ulema to further women’s participation and rights.



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