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As risks related to climate change, natural hazards, population growth, chronic poverty, food insecurity, and inequality intensify for the world’s poorest people, Oxfam has prioritized building resilience to shocks and stresses as an important, cross-cutting outcome area across its programming. Resilience capacities aim to enhance the ability of individuals, households, and communities to persist in the face of shocks and stresses, anticipate and adapt to changing environments, and transform the underlying vulnerabilities that leave them exposed to shocks and stresses. This report examines evidence of how Oxfam’s interventions have contributed to building these absorptive, adaptive, and transformative capacities. It examines a sample of 23 projects using Oxfam’s Effectiveness Reviews and Evaluation Reports.

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