The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents

No available documents

Oxfam Policy & Practice provides free access to Gender & Development and Development in Practice journal articles.

Download from publisher


Only one in ten of Zambians in business are women. Those involved in economic investment have relied upon male connections in the Government and private sector. This articles explores why it is hard for women to access finance, making them dependent on the informal sector, and why the few businesswomen there are have ‘feminine’ lines of work. NGOs and donors have done little to implement gender-based programmes and need to be more business-like if they are to move women from State dependency to economic empowerment.

This article is hosted by our co-publisher Taylor & Francis. For the full table of contents for this and previous issues of this journal, please visit the Gender and Development website.

Additional details





How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources