This paper reviews and synthesizes three research papers that look at gender-responsive budgeting in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Tanzania, with the aim of drawing out common themes and lessons learned on what it takes to ensure well-functioning gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) and how it can benefit women small-scale farmers. While Ethiopia, Ghana, and Tanzania are not countries that systematically and efficiently practice GRB, the in-depth look at the challenges and successes of GRB in each of these countries provides some helpful insights. After a brief background section summarizing the history of GRB in each country, this paper outlines the lessons learned in five categories:
- Setting up government practices, systems, and structures for gender-responsive budgeting;
- Designing a more gender-responsive budgeting process;
- Engaging citizens in the budgeting process;
- Envisioning gender-responsive budgeting outcomes; and
- Identifying best practices in GRB advocacy by NGOs.
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