The escalation of violence in Gaza and Israel is leaving people in Gaza in urgent need of humanitarian support. Please donate now.

Available documents

No available documents

Oxfam Policy & Practice provides free access to Gender & Development and Development in Practice journal articles.

Download from publisher


Antrobus explains why gender analysis of structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) is important. She calls on planners and development practitioners to conduct such analysis, both at the macroeconomic level (how SAPs affect societies and economies) and also at microeconomic level (SAPs have greatest impact upon households). Structural adjustment programmes have been formulated around – and strengthen – unequal gender relations that exploit women. As a result, planners and practitioners need to: analyse women’s needs at planning stage; understand the link between women’s productive and reproductive roles; and allow female service users a say in making public services more efficient.

This article is hosted by our co-publisher Taylor & Francis. For the full table of contents for this and previous issues of this journal, please visit the Gender and Development website.

Additional details






How to cite this resource

Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context.  You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:

Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL

Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.

Related resources

Here are similar items you might be interested in.

Browse all resources