This paper details how companies should respond to the growing number of threats facing human rights defenders, offering six key recommendations. It offers a definition of human rights defenders, an introduction to the threats they face and an overview of the existing normative framework for the protection of defenders.
While this paper is not a comprehensive review of the legal and other obligations companies have toward human rights defenders, it offers a concrete pathway forward for companies that is grounded in best practice.
How to cite this resource
Citation styles vary so we recommend you check what is appropriate for your context. You may choose to cite Oxfam resources as follows:
Author(s)/Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title and sub-title. Place of publication: name of publisher. DOI (where available). URL
Our FAQs page has some examples of this approach.